Butterfly Melita Yvonne Dyason


Licence No.KZN00041D    Practice No. 0805033   Reg No: A01252

From illness to wellness

Personality Types

The ancient Greek philosophers had a good saying : "Know Thyself".
This was good advice.

If we truly know ourselves, we are able to make rational choices during our lifetime. We ask ourselves "What should I study?" "What sort of person will I be happy with in marriage?" All of these "What should I's" need choices! Our choices depend on truly knowing ourselves. If we make the right choices - our lives and health usually work out well for us. But, on the other hand if we make a wrong choice, what could happen?

We are, either living with the wrong person, working in an environment that we resent, our lives are not happy. If this is the scenario that we find ourselves, it should be apparent that we don't truly know who we are and what our needs are?

It is inevitable that somewhere along the line, we must pay the price. What could the price be?

Unhappiness, discontentment, resentment, loneliness, stress
all of these scenarios and others
= Bad or Ill Health

"Know Yourself"
I would like you to get to "Know Yourself"
So let's go through the stages of discovery!
Slowly we will become aware of our personality and temperament type.

'A rough diamond'

Remember, We can equate "Our Being" to a "Diamond." In it's original state a diamond is a transparent crystal of tetrahedrally bonded carbon atoms in a covalent network lattice, that crystallizes into the diamond lattice which is a variation of the face centered cubic structure.

Mined rough diamonds are converted into gems through a multi-step process called "cutting". Diamond cutting is traditionally considered as a delicate procedure requiring skills, scientific knowledge, tools and experience. Its final goal is to produce a faceted jewel where the specific angles between the facets would optimize the diamond "luster", that is dispersion of white light, whereas the number and area of facets would determine the weight of the final product.

The most time-consuming part of the cutting is the preliminary analysis of the rough stone. Most diamonds contain visible non-diamond inclusions and crystal flaws. The cutter has to decide which flaws are to be removed by the cutting and which could be kept. His decision brings out the beauty of the diamond. It is renowned as a material with superlative physical qualities,

So let's begin:

One of the more influential ideas originated in the theoretical work of Carl Jung as published in the book Psychological Types. Personality type refers to the psychological classification of different types of individuals.

Psychological Types

We are going to work through 3 aspects of your personality.

1. Attitude 2. Function 3. Temperament

At the end of this discovery, I hope you will have an "AHAAH" moment and maybe a new perception of "YOU"


Jung has divided this energy into two basic types or opposites, which are Extrovert and Introvert.
These traits [types] are present in everyone in varying degrees.

We use these terms to describe recognizable forms of social behaviour.

Extrovert Attitude
These energies flow outwards towards the World
Introvert Attitude
These energies withdraw from the World
This attitude is motivated from the outside, external objective factors and relationships This attitude is motivated from within and directed by inner subjective factors

Here, there is a conflict of philosophies.

Extroverts and Introverts are mutually exclusive. They tend to misunderstand each other. If one forms the habitual conscious attitude, the other becomes unconscious and acts in a compensatory manner. Therefore

If the

Conscious attitude
becomes too fixed then the
Unconscious attitude
will be seen as "the return of the repressed"

From here we divide these Types into :


There are four functions

The Four Functions of consciousness. According to Jung, the psyche is an apparatus for adaptation and orientation, and consists of a number of different psychic functions. Among these he distinguishes four basic functions - Thinking and Feeling functions which are rational, while Sensation and Intuition are non-rational functions.

He believes that these four functions and arranged into two pairs of opposites.

The “Rational” [judging] functions:

Rationality consists of figurative thoughts, feelings or actions with reason — a point of view based on objective value, which is set by practical experience.

The “Irrational” [perceiving] functions:

Non-rationality is not based in reason. Jung notes that elementary facts are also non-rational, not because they are illogical but because, as thoughts, they are not judgments.

Combining Attitude with Function ...

Combining Attitude with Function - Jung maintained that people usually combine one of the two different Attitudes and may also use one or other Functions to relate to the people and things they meet.

The Attitudes are Extrovert and Introvert and the Functions are Thinking, Feeling, Sensation, and Intuition.

A Function is a way of coping with and evaluating the things you encounter. All these functions are at your disposal at all times, but you may only express one over the others. For some reason or other we develop one and ignore another. Our dominant function is how we usually behave. This is how others see us.

The dominant function is concerned with the way that you deal with the things that interest you and what you think is important to you.

Jung believes that whichever function dominates our consciousness then its opposite will be repressed - and in turn will tend to work as an unconscious function.

3.   Do you see how complex we are! .....

We still go further and add another component - the "Temperament" .


There are also four temperament types.

Each of the four types of Temperament or Humors corresponded in ancient times to a different personality type. These were associated with a domination of various biological functions. It has been suggested that the temperaments come to clearest manifestation in childhood, between approximately 6 and 14 years of age, after which they become subordinate factors [though still influential] in personality.

Human Temperaments
Because both evaluate experience. A point of view point based on objective value,
Neither evaluates experience Non-rationality is not based on reason but depends on an act of perception
Sanguine Phlegmatic Choleric Melancholic
Thinking Feeling Intuition Sensation
Happy  Joy Sensitive  Caring Envy  Anger Cautious  Withdrawn


The sanguine temperament is traditionally associated with air and therefore they think and love communicating.
People with this temperament tend to be playful, lively, sociable, carefree, talkative, and pleasure-seeking and extroverted.
May be warm-hearted and optimistic.
Can make new friends easily, be imaginative, artistic, and often have many ideas.
They can be flighty and changeable; thus sanguine personalities may struggle with following tasks all the way through and be chronically late or forgetful. Intellectually, they can ideally be reached through awakening their love for a subject and admiration of people.


The phlegmatic temperament is traditionally associated with water and therefore they feel and are sensitive.
People with this temperament may be inward and private, thoughtful, patient, caring, reasonable, calm, and tolerant.
Tend to have a rich inner life, seek a quiet, peaceful atmosphere, and are content with themselves.
They tend to be steadfast, consistent in their habits, and thus they make steady and faithful friends.
People of this temperament may appear somewhat ponderous or clumsy.
Their speech tends to be slow or appear hesitant.
Experiencing others’ interest in a subject, often awakens their interest.


The choleric temperament is traditionally associated with fire and therefore they are intuitive.
People with this temperament tend to be egocentric and extroverted.
Tend to be excitable, impulsive, and restless, with reserves of aggression, energy, and/or passion, and try to instill that in others.
They tend to be task-oriented people and are focused on getting a job done efficiently - their motto is usually "do it now."
Can be ambitious, strong-willed and like to be in charge.
Also show leadership, are good at planning, and are often practical and solution-oriented.
They appreciate receiving respect and esteem for their work.
Conceptually, they can be best reached through mutual respect and appropriate challenges that recognize their capacities.


The melancholic temperament is traditionally associated with earth and therefore they work on sensation and logic and they do not like change.
People with this temperament may appear serious, introverted, cautious or even suspicious.
Can become preoccupied with the tragedy and cruelty in the world,
Are susceptible to depression and moodiness.
May be focused and conscientious.
Often prefer to do things themselves, both to meet their own standards and because they are not inherently sociable.
Conceptually, they can be best met by awakening their sympathy for others and the suffering of the world.

Now use this information to discover your personality

Obviously, "You - Your Being" are far more complex than just these few pointers, but if you can read through these three areas - and evaluate who you are, how you react and what your needs are, you have a wonderful tool to assist you, to deal with life situations.

Now re-read the above and get to know "YOU"

Are you normally :


Now, what is your perception of "YOU"!